Breadcrumb Home Projects The NHS in a nutshell This content relates to the following topics: Share this content Share on Twitter Share on Facebook Share on LinkedIn Share on Email Print this page Essential facts and figures to understand the NHS, health and social care in England. Data visualisationCapital investment in the NHS The amount of capital investment into the NHS has increased in recent years but hasn’t kept pace with the rapidly increasing backlog maintenance.Data visualisationThe NHS budget and how it has changed The total budget for the Department of Health and Social Care in England and how it has changed since 2007/08.Data visualisationHow the NHS is funded The NHS is mainly funded from general taxation and National Insurance contributions. Data visualisationAccident and emergency (A&E) waiting times Accident and emergency (A&E) waiting times are one of the most high-profile indicators of how hospitals are performing. How is A&E performance measured and what influences how long people wait?Data visualisationNHS staffing numbers The NHS in England employs just over 1 million full-time equivalent (FTE) staff (not including those working in general practice). This number has been increasing at about 0.5 per cent on average per year over the past seven years.Data visualisationHospital activity The NHS is treating more patients than ever before, with hospitals experiencing increases in attendances at A&E departments, non-elective (emergency) admissions, elective admissions, and outpatient attendances.Data visualisationHealth inequalities Inequalities in health can be measured in many different ways. Here we look at how health life expectancy and life expectancy differs across the country. Data visualisationThe number of hospital beds Over the past three decades the number of hospital beds has been declining in England. This is a result of medical advances and a shift in policy towards providing treatment and care outside hospital.Data visualisationTrusts in deficit Increasing numbers of NHS providers are facing financial difficulties. The latest figures for 2016/17 show that 51 per cent of all trusts are planning to end the year in deficit.Data visualisationSpending on public health On a like-for-like basis, spending on public health will actually fall by 5.2 per cent, from £2.6 billion in 2013/14 to £2.5 billion in 2017/18.Data visualisationInternational recruitment in adult social care The social care sector would struggle to function without its international workforce. Immigration policy, particularly after the United Kingdom leaves the European Union, should be designed with the social care sector in mind.Data visualisationInternational recruitment in the NHS The NHS would not be able to function without its international workforce, who account for 1 in every 8 people who work in the health service.