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Essential facts and figures to understand the NHS, health and social care in England.

  • NHS funding nutshell chart

    The NHS budget and how it has changed

    What is the NHS budget and how is it funded? Find out in our nutshell.

  • Chart showing the sources of funding for the NHS

    How the NHS is funded

    The NHS is mainly funded from general taxation and National Insurance contributions.

  • Social care nutshell chart

    Social care in a nutshell

    Currently, unlike NHS services, social care is not free at the point of use. Find out who is eligible for publicly funded social care, how many people have requested support, and how ma...

  • A map of England

    Health inequalities in a nutshell

    Health inequalities are avoidable, unfair and systematic differences in health between different groups of people. Here we examine the key data on this complex and wide-ranging issue.

  • Waiting times nutshell chart

    Waiting times for elective (non-urgent) treatment: referral to treatment (RTT)

    Waiting times consistently rank as one of the public’s main concerns with the NHS. Here we explore how long patients are waiting for treatment and what impact Covid-19 has had on the num...

  • Accident and emergency waiting times nutshell chart

    Accident and emergency (A&E) waiting times

    Accident and emergency (A&E) waiting times are one of the most high-profile indicators of how hospitals are performing. How is A&E performance measured and what influences how long peopl...

  • Line chart for a diagnostic nutshell

    What are diagnostics, and how are diagnostics services performing?

    Diagnostics are tests or procedures used to identify a patient’s disease or condition. Demand for diagnostics has been increasing steadily in over the past decade as hospital referrals a...

  • Line chart showing NHS workforce

    NHS workforce

    We know the NHS is facing a workforce crisis, but how many people work in the NHS in England, and what do they do?

  • Chart showing patient waiting times

    Patient waiting times

    The time it takes for a patient to be seen or treated by a particular service or health practitioner is often used as one measure of quality of care. Read our new patient waiting times n...

  • Number of hospital beds nutshell teaser

    The number of hospital beds

    A shift in national policy towards providing care outside of hospital has seen a reduction in the number of hospital beds. How has the number of hospital beds in England changed over tim...

  • An image of bar charts rising which shows: the cost and severity of maintenance issues with NHS buildings and equipment is still growing

    Capital investment in the NHS

    The Department of Health and Social Care’s capital budget is used for research and development, and for long-term investments in building and maintaining NHS land, facilities and equipme...

  • Chart showing NHS trusts in deficit

    NHS trusts in deficit

    As part of the new five-year funding deal announced for the NHS in 2018, national NHS bodies have said that no trusts should be in deficit by 2023/24. Have they met the target?

  • Public health spending nutshell chart

    Spending on public health

    Public health services are critical for preventing disease, reducing health inequalities and improving the population’s health, for example, through helping people to quit smoking or sup...

  • Map of NHS international recruitment

    International recruitment in the NHS

    The NHS is more reliant than ever on its international workforce, but even with these staff, vacancies remain high.

  • Line chart

    International recruitment in adult social care

    With record vacancies in adult social care, the international workforce is more vital than ever for the sector to function. It is essential that issues around pay, conditions and other f...

  • Activity in hospital nutshell

    Activity in the NHS

    Over the past 10 years, it has often been stated that the NHS treats more than a million people every 36 hours, but is that still true? We analyse NHS activity pre-Covid-19 and explore s...