How the NHS is funded

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Source: OHE Guide to UK Health and Health Care Statistics

The NHS is mainly funded from general taxation and National Insurance contributions. An increase in National Insurance rates in 2001 to boost NHS funding increased the proportion paid for by National Insurance, although general taxation still accounts for around 80 per cent of NHS funding.

Ever since charges for prescriptions, dental treatment and spectacles were introduced in the early 1950s, a small amount of funding has come from patient charges. According to the latest available data, just over 1 per cent of NHS funding came from patient charges in 2011, the lowest since charges were introduced.

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