Source: Personal social services: expenditure and unit costs, England, 2015–16, NHS Digital; GDP deflators at market prices, and money GDP March 2017, HM Treasury
Most social care is funded by local government. Spending on adult social care services by local authorities fell from £18.4 billion in 2009/10 to just under £17 billion in 2015/16, a real-terms cut of 8 per cent.
In recent years, additional funding for social care has been transferred from the NHS budget and made available through the Better Care Fund. The government has also given local authorities flexibility to raise additional funding for social care by increasing Council Tax and has promised £2 billion in additional resources over the next three years. However, there will still be an estimated social care funding gap of £2.1 billion by 2019/20.
Local authority spending on adult social care is presented as gross expenditure. This covers the amount of spend by councils that is not offset by income from other sources (other than input from clients), and does not include a capital charge. These figures do not include public expenditure funded through other routes, eg, NHS expenditure on adult social care services.