Immigration and emigration trends
Immigration to the UK rose from around 500,000 to 600,000 a year between 2001 and 2005, but has remained steady since. Over the past 10 years emigration has fluctuated between 300,000 and 400,000 a year. The net migration (immigration – emigration) has therefore been about 200,000 people a year for the past 10 years (1).
In addition, roughly 5 per cent of the population of England and Wales move local authority every year. The impact is not evenly felt, as some cities and regions have very high population change – as much a 20 per cent every year in some London boroughs (1).
Migration trends can affect the population size indirectly; for example, the fertility rate of mothers born outside the UK is significantly higher than that of those born in the UK (2).
Long-term international migration estimates, UK, 2001-2011
Source: Office for National Statistics (2011). Statistical Bulletin. Provisional Long Term International Migration (LTIM) estimates June 2011
Regional level internal migration moves, year ending June 2010
Source: Office for National Statistics (2011) Internal Migration within England and Wales, year ending June 2010
- Office for National Statistics (2011). Statistical Bulletin. Long-Term International Migration, November 2010
- Office for National Statistics (2012). Statistical Bulletin. Births in England and Wales by parent’s country of birth, 2011