The King's Fund house style: D

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Dalton report full reference
Department of Health (2014). Examining new options and opportunities for providers of NHS care: the Dalton review. London: Department of Health. Available at: (accessed on xx Xxxxx 2015).

Darzi review full reference
Department of Health (2008). High quality care for all. NHS Next Stage Review final report. London: The Stationery Office. Available at:
Publicationsandstatistics/Publications/Publications/PolicyAndGuidance/DH_085825 (accessed on xx Xxxxx 2015).

Use a dash (called an en rule) rather than a hyphen in the following cases:

  • two en rules – with a space on either side – around supplementary text, much as you would use brackets or commas
  • one en rule, with no space on either side, to join together two words when the two halves are 'equal' and the first words doesn't modify the second, eg, the private–public partnership, the north–south divide
  • one en rule with no space on either side in number ranges, such as years and page references. However, where there are words as well as numbers, there is a space on either side. So 24–26 January, but 24 January – 24 February.

To create an en rule, hold down the Ctrl key and type the minus (-) sign on your number keyboard.

treat as singular

one word

one word


  • Write dates as: 1 June 1999.
  • Date ranges should be 24–28 May 1999, 1998-9 but 1798-1810. For financial years use a forward slash rather than an en rule, eg, 1998/9.
  • Decades are the 1980s – not the 1980's, the eighties or the '80s.
  • Make centuries lower case, eg, in the 21st century, but hyphenated when used adjectivally, eg, a 21-century trend.







Despatch Box

Many individuals have strong views about how they refer to their disabilities – if you are talking about an individual it is easier to ask how they would prefer to describe their disability (some people don’t like the term ‘disability’, but prefer to describe themselves as ‘differently abled’).

Most individuals prefer to be referred to as people rather than by their ability/disability:

  • ‘people with disabilities’ or ‘people with mobility problems’ rather than ‘the disabled’
  • ‘able-bodied’, not ‘normal’
  • ‘people who are blind’ or ‘have sight problems’ or ‘are partially sighted’ rather than ‘the blind’
  • be aware that when talking about hearing loss there are different uses for ‘Deaf’ and ‘deaf’. Deaf (capital D) is used to denote people who identify themselves as part of a cultural, social and linguistic group of people who use a common sign language and as members of the Deaf community (capital D). Using deaf with (lower case d) often identifies people who have a medical hearing loss (partial or total), and is a more all-encompassing term.